WSIS in Tunis was held between 16th and 18th November 2005 and Egypt heavily participated in the main deliberations of the event. 54 I n t e r n a t i o n a l R e l a t i o n s Egypt’s participation in other events related to the summit included: Regional Preparatory Conference for Western Asia, Damascus (Syria); Arab ICT Strategy Formulation Working Group Meetings; Arab Working Group on WSIS meetings; African Regional Preparatory Conference, Accra (Ghana); PrepCom-1, Hammamet (Tunisia); and PrepCom- 2, Geneva (Switzerland); and PrepCom-3 2005, Geneva. Internet Governance Egypt, represented by MCIT, was a member of the WSIS working group on Internet Governance (IG), one of the most important issues discussed within WSIS. The working group dealt with governance of IP addresses, domain names, AS and protocol numbers, as well as SPAM, illegal or harmful content. Discussions set to address harmonisation of global policies, security fraud, intellectual property rights, and data and consumer protection. There were three meetings of this group during February, April, and June of 2005, and the group produced a publication that was launched in Tunis entitled ‘Reforming Internet Governance’. Membership of this group ensured that Egypt’s viewpoint is influential in global debate. It is Egypt’s position that IG needs more multilateral cooperation and that there should be a review of the mechanisms that have been used to govern the Internet over the past years, and there must be consideration of making necessary adjustments. MCIT wishes to see a productive dialogue between parties to reach a common agreement to move Internet use forward in a positive way. World Economic Forum This year’s annual meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, held between 26th and 30th January, had the theme of ‘Taking Responsibility for Tough Choices’. Egypt’s participation included a presentation on the impact of broadband by Dr Tarek Kamel, Minister of Communications and Information Technology, which led to discussion of how broadband might alter economic growth in developing countries. Of particular interest to Egypt were the sessions on ‘Creating Future Jobs’, where discussions centred on understanding the changing nature of growth and job creation. The sessions also included the subjects of global employment, new skill requirements, labour mobility, and resulting social and economic consequences. The session named ‘Building Trust in Public and Private Institutions’ drew attention to the need to reconnect with constituents, build trust and legitimacy, and demonstrate effectiveness. ‘Innovation, Creativity, and Design Strategy’ was also of particular interest to Egypt given the Centres of Excellence for ICT innovation that are currently being established. The session focused on business, government, and social innovators who are taking on new creative capabilities and innovation strategies in response to a rapidly changing global landscape. 55 FIRM FOUNDATIONS for the KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY Egypt had a strong Egypt was also well represented at the EuroMed Conference in Dunduk, Ireland, aiming at enhancing the Information Society of the The World Economic Forum on the Middle East was held in Jordan from 20th to 22nd May, 2005. During the meeting a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) concerning an e-Learning initiative between Jordan and Egypt was signed. The agreement is designed to promote e-Learning through NGOs, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), local Internet companies, multinationals, and academic institutions, and to design a model beneficial to all parties. In October 2005, WEF agreed that Sharm El Sheikh should be the location for the next World Economic Forum on the Middle East, and will take place from 20th to 22nd May 2006. This will be the first time WEF has met in Egypt. AfriNIC Public Policy Meeting & First International IPv6 Conference Cairo was host to both the third African Internet Number Registry IP Addresses (AfriNIC) Public Policy meeting and the first African IPv6 workshop on December 13th and 14th, 2005. Delegations were received from over thirty countries worldwide, from several international organizations, communications and Internet service providers, universities, and scientific research centres. In addition to this, within the IPv6 workshop, two training sessions were held on 11th and 12th December, pertaining to IP address registry in Egypt and Africa. The sessions were attended by seventy trainees from Egypt and participating African countries. It is worth mentioning that Egypt hosts the mirror site of the AfiNIC's technical operation centre hosted in South Africa. The first IPv6 summit was held in May 2005 in Cairo, in cooperation with the International Forum for IPv6, to discuss the latest IPv6 uses and applications in the world and present Egypt’s experience in this domain. Representatives from different international and regional companies, specialized in advanced technology applications, took part in the conference. MCIT hosted a mission related to the research and innovation component of the National Indicative Plan of Egypt for 2005/06. MCIT participated in research programmes of the EU. In addition, the Egypt National Postal Authority has developed its project fiche within the Twinning Program with the EU. More proposals are on their way from the NTRA, ITIDA and SECC. In 2005, the MEDA project on Telecom policies launched its project named ‘New Approaches to Telecom Policies II’ to help regulators in the Mediterranean area through workshops and training. The NTRA was actively involved in these workshops which proved their value added to the sector. In relation to the European Neighbourhood Policy, MCIT participated in official negotiations that should lead to finalisation of the ICT part early in 2006. Egypt was also well represented at the EuroMed Conference in Dunduk, Ireland, aiming at enhancing the Information Society of the