Cybersecurity is information security applied to computers and computer networks. The field covers all the processes and mechanisms by which computer-based equipment, information and services are protected from unintended or unauthorized access, change or destruction.
The Egyptian Computer Emergency Response Team (EG-CERT), established by the National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority in April 2009, is staffed by a team of 16 full-time professionals and provides 24-hour support to protect critical information infrastructure. In 2012, EG-CERT provided support to entities across the ICT, banking and government sectors, helping them tackle cybersecurity threats including denial of service attacks.
EG-CERT mission is to provide an early warning system against malware spreading and massive attacks against the Egyptian critical information infrastructure.
EG-CERT has in place cooperation agreements with the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT), the Korea Internet and Security Agency (KISA) in Seoul and CyberSecurity Malaysia, and is a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation Computer Emergency Response Team (OIC-CERT).
§ Develop an appropriate legislative framework for cybersecurity, with the participation of the private sector and civil society and guided by relevant international expertise, experience and initiatives
§ Develop an appropriate regulatory framework for cybersecurity, drawing on international experience to establish a national cybersecurity system and computer emergency response teams
§ Establish the infrastructure necessary to ensure confidence in electronic transactions and protect digital identity, such as public key infrastructure and credit bureaus, with the participation of the private sector
§ Develop and implement programs to build the necessary human capacity for activation of an e-services system across all sectors, in cooperation with the private sector, universities and NGOs
§ Cooperate with other countries and relevant international organizations in the fields of cybersecurity and e-service provision
§ Raise public awareness of the benefits of electronic services for individuals, businesses and institutions, and the importance of cybersecurity
§ In December 2013, the new EG-CERT building was opened
§ In November 2013, EG-CERT acquired membership in the Organization for Islamic Cooperation – Computer Emergency Response Team (OIC-CERT ) Steering Committee
§ In October 2013, EG-CERT was ranked 3rd in the ITU’s Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI)
§ In May 2013, The first Workshop for Cyber Security Researches hosted under the auspices of the National Telecom Regulatory Authority (NTRA), took place at Smart Village to discuss the latest researches and developments taking place in the field of cyber security where research papers on various fields are to be submitted
§ In March 2013, the National Child Online Protection Committee was launched
§ In 2012, the Egyptian Computer Emergency Response Team gained full membership in the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the main international forum for CERT teams
§ In 2012, EG-CERT participated in cyber drills organized by the Asia Pacific Computer Emergency Response Team (APCERT), OICCERT, and the International Telecommunication Union and the International Multilateral Partnership against Cyber Threats (ITUIMPACT)
§ MCIT showcased the Egyptian Cybersecurity Framework at one of the main sessions of the Internet Governance Forum 2012, held in Azerbaijan
§ MCIT participated in the Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, held in October 2012 in Hungary
§ MCIT also organized special missions to Finland and Estonia, to explore opportunities for cooperation in the area of cybersecurity with their CERTs as well as in the e-signature field
§ Egypt Participated in ITU Arab Regional Workshop on Child Online Protection An International Telecommunication Union Arab Regional Workshop on “Legal Aspects of Child Online Protection in the Arab Region” was hosted by the Algerian Ministry of Post, Information and Communication Technologies in Algiers, Algeria on 24-25 June 2012
§ In December 2012, penetration testing service started
§ In September 2009, Digital Forensic analysis service started
§ In July 2009, 24/7 monitoring and incident response was available