El-Orman Garden is an elegant public park and botanical garden located at the end of El-Dokki Street in Giza. The Gardens (Giza Royal Palace Gardens) were built during the reign of Khedive Ismaiel (1830-1895) on a total area of 95.2 feddans. They had three sections; the Lemon Garden which was used to provide the royal palaces with citrus fruits, the Salamlik Garden and the Haramlik Garden.
In the year 1875, Khedive Ismaiel decided to create an Egyptian forest similar to ‘Bois de Boulogne’ park in Paris in place of the Lemon Garden, so he resorted to French expert Delchevalerie so as to design the park according to the French style. The new garden was hence called El-Orman; the Turkish synonym for forest.
Unfortunately, over the years the total area of the Saray El-Giza Gardens significantly diminished. However, it was not all in vain for in 1890 the Haramlik Garden was partitioned to build the Giza Zoo, and in 1898 the northern part of El-Orman Garden was cut off to build the Egyptian Survey Authority which was known as the Public Surveying Authority at that time.
Another major change came onto the original concept in 1903; the Giza Palace was pulled down to build the Schools of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine and in 1905 the School of Engineering was built on the western side of the Salamlik Garden. Furthermore, during the period spanning from 1925 to 1928, most of the area of the Haramlik Garden was used to build Cairo University, diminishing the area of El-Orman Garden to 58 feddans.
In the year 1934, El-Nahda Street was built to link Cairo University and Al Gamaa Bridge (the University Bridge); a modification that led to splitting El-Orman Garden off sister garden Salamlik which was then annexed to the Giza Zoo enlarging the area of the later to 80 feddans.
El-Orman Garden had then reached its present area of only 28 feddans.
As a pioneer product of the protocol signed between the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, El-Orman Digital Map (ODM) is based on a GIS digital map.
This Digital Map has been set up as a user-friendly GIS system to document, provide information and help allocate different types of trees and plants that represent the very special botanical variety hosted by El-Orman Garden.
§ Provide accurate, detailed information to park visitors, scientific researchers, decision makers as well as casual users, in an easy to use form with the ultimate goal of helping to conserve this botanical legacy
§ The first phase of the project, which involved collecting data from the garden, started in 2009 and was accomplished in May 2013
§ After surveying the garden and gathering all data needed, information about each species found in the garden including description of the species, its English, Arabic and French names, Synonyms, and other was collected
§ The data collected was used to build two databases; one for the locations of the plants and the other for their characteristics. Navigating the system gives access to all the data as well as high resolution images for all listed plants and trees
§ Setting up the website built in the form of a searchable, user- friendly database associated with a GIS-mapping